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Hessian Fusilier Mitre Cap  1776-1783

Hessian Fusilier Mitre Cap  1776-1783Hessian Fusilier Mitre Cap  1776-1783 Detail Hesse-Cassel
399.00  499.00

Original Fusilier Miter Cap in the Smithsonian supposedly
Original Fusilier Miter Cap in the Smithsonian supposedly
captured at the Battle of Trenton (details here)

Colours of the Fusilier Regiment von Knyphausen
Colours of the Fusilier Regiment von Knyphausen

Hessian Fusilier Mitre Cap

This spectacular headdress was introduced to the world by the famous Prussian Army under Frederick the Great.  Most of the armies in German states matched the miltiary dress of the Prussian Army including the principality of Hesse-Cassel.  When the American Revolution broke out, the British turn to Germany for troops to help crush the rebellion.  Hired as merenceries, German regiments flooded into North America.  One of those units was the Regiment von Knyphausen.

Regiment Von Knyphausen in 1783Regiment Von Knyphausen

During the Battle of White Plains, Regiment von Knyphausen played an important in pressuring the American Army's right flank and causing a withdrawal.  By December 1776, the Regiment had taken up winter quarters at Trenton.  It was here that George Washington famously crossed the Delaware River and defeated the Hessian garrison at Trenton. 

The Battle of Trenton was a turning point in the American Revolution and in George Washington's military career. 

The cap itself bears the Lion and Crown symbol of Hesse-Cassel along with the "FL" cypher for Friedrich Landgraf, the ruler of the Principality.  The rear of the cap is decorated with various flaming grenades, with flames forming the spike at the top of the crown.   Beautiful Baroque-style trophies of cannon, flags, and drums are sculpted around the lower band with dazzling effect.  The rear back has is completed with a stylized exploding grenade.

This Museum-Quality headdress is simply amazing and its story is an important part of the American War of Independence.

Fragments of an Original Fusilier Cap at the National Museum of American History
Fragments of an Original Fusilier Cap at the National Museum of American History


---- People interested in this item also like Frederick the Great's Prussian Flintlock Musket. ----


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