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French 1766 Cavalry Pistol  (1766-1801)

American Revolution     -       French Revolution 


French 1766 Cavalry Pistol  (1766-1801) American Revolution for sale

Other Images: French 1766 Cavalry Pistol  (1766-1801) Lock Parts close upFrench 1766 Cavalry Pistol  (1766-1801) closeupFrench 1766 Cavalry Pistol  (1766-1801) Flintlock reverse sideFrench 1766 Cavalry Pistol Lock to Muzzle

Historical Background

In 1763 French firearms experienced a modernization under the direction of the Duc de Choiseul  and a new cavalry pistol was introduced.   Three years later the pattern was reduced in length and the lock was altered slightly.   The French royal armouries put the 1766 model changes into mass production in 1769, including the armoury at Mutzig.  The reproduction above is marked for that armoury.   This pistol would have been part of the pistol purchases made by Benjamin Franklin in 1777 for Washington's Army.   As well, French cavalry serving in the American Revolution were issued with them and a number ended up in the French Navy.  It is uncertain if the American navy received any in the War of Independence.   Interestingly enough, this model is similar to the U.S.1811 Model Navy pistol manufactured by Simeon North before the War of 1812.   This French pistol was often equipped with a steel belt hook, which was convenient for naval service as well as in pinch while fighting on horse.

However its greatest use came with the French Revolutionary Wars when Europe was thrown into almost endless conflict.    This brought raise to Napoleon and his campaigns in Italy (Marengo) and Egypt.   While a new model of cavalry pistol had been introduced in 1777, it proved unpopular.   French revolutionary armouries turned back to the 1766 model.   Shortages of brass at some armouries forced them to mount a steel band and hardware on their pistols opposed to brass.   Still the majority of pistols manufactured remained with brass hardware. 


France's Hussards de Lauzun who served at Yorktown, 1781.
France's Hussards de Lauzun who served at Yorktown, 1781.



This reproduction 9 inch octagonal-to-round barrel has a surprising .71 calibre barrel which must have given the rider quite a jolt when it was fired. The highly-polished steel used in the barrel is made of tempered seamless modern steel (type:BS970 no.080M40) with a tight breech plug.  This pieces historical significance in the American Revolution should make it popular with collectors.

The lock is made with strong durable springs and has a case-hardened frizzen (hammer) that throws good sparks. We use a industrial case-hardening factory process that makes sparking both more reliable and longer lasting. Presently no other musket provider uses this technique.

As with all our other flintlocks, the vent is not drilled (read details below) so we can ship easily to our door throughout North America and to Europe and the UK. Aside from that they are exactly like the originals. A fine addition to any collection.

*What our Customers said*

French 1766 Cavalry Pistol: 359.00 (MTS-039)

- Money-back Guarantee - Shipped to your Door -

For shipping costs and other details see our Muskets section

Our Guarantee

If upon receiving your musket you are not completely happy with your purchase, you may return it for a refund. All we ask is you cover the shipping costs. It has to be returned in two weeks of receipt and be in its original state (unaltered and unmodified).

Non-Firing State

We sell historically accurate muskets and pistols in a non-firing state. This allows us to comply with various local, state, national and international firearms regulations, along with shipping company policy restrictions.     Please read our Conditions of Use and Legal Disclaimer.  The customer is expected to be aware of the laws of their locality that govern products of this nature.

This item is no longer permitted in Canada.

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